The lemon tree, the orange tree, the mandarin tree, or the citron tree are fruit trees that are easy to grow and which bring nice touches of vitamin colors for a friendly garden.
You can easily grow them in pots or containers that you will then take out from May until the end of October and then keep indoors during the colder months. The majority of citrus fruits come from regions characterized by their winter mildness and have a fairly limited frost resistance (between -3 ° and -5 ° for the lemon tree, and -10 ° for the kumquat).
Growing a lemon tree or orange tree in a pot limits its growth compared to growing in the ground because citrus fruits can easily reach 2 to 5 meters, and their harvest will be less abundant, but growing them in pots will allow you to grow your own. lemons, oranges, and tangerines, provided of course that you follow the advice below.
CHOOSE A VARIETY THAT GROWS EASILY IN POTS
If you want to grow your lemon tree in a pot, or your orange tree in a container, bet on the right variety.
THE CALAMONDIN, THE LIVING ROOM ORANGE TREE
The calamondin, for example, is a very easy to grow indoor living room orange tree that slowly forms a small shrub with a naturally bushy habit. In pots, it can reach up to 1.50 to 2 meters in height, or even more if grown on a stem. It produces bright orange berries that resemble miniature tangerines but are extremely sour. You will therefore not be able to consume them as they are, but you can make jams.
EUREKA LEMON, MEYER AND LIME
The Eureka lemon tree is the most cultivated because it flowers up to four times a year and is particularly vigorous. The Meyer lemon tree is the easiest to grow in a pot, flowers twice a year, and produces less acidic fruit than the common lemon. Finally, lemon-lime is a citrus fruit of tropical origin that produces limes.
This small shrub, native to China, is often grown on a stem and gives small orange-yellow or orange fruits with a slightly bitter flavor.
Citrus fruits need a lot of light to grow. It is, therefore, best to place your lemon, orange, and tangerine trees in pots near a sunny window, facing south, or in a bright veranda.
LOTS OF WATER
Citrus fruits and more particularly lemon trees do not tolerate drought, especially if they are grown in pots, and therefore risk being perpetually thirsty. Remember to water them regularly in spring and at least every other day in summer, on the other hand, reduce watering to once a week in autumn if you bring them inside or twice a month if they are cool.
Citrus fruits need extensive fertilization. Add a special citrus fertilizer to the base of your trees every 10 to 15 days, especially if they bloom and bear fruit several times a year.
Repot your fruit trees every 2 or 3 years, in spring or summer, in a pot twice the size, with a mixture of special citrus fertilizer.
A REGULAR SIZE
Consider pruning your lemon, orange, and tangerine trees in February or March to branch them out and make them more compact.
FRESH IN WINTER
If citrus does not like frost, they prefer coolness in winter at too high a temperature. The ideal is therefore to keep them in a bright room at a temperature between 4 and 12 °.
Last Tip of how to grow lemon tree: AIR
Take them outside whenever the temperature allows it between May and October and avoiding the wind which could dry them out and often ventilate the veranda or the room in winter by avoiding too cold drafts.