Aglaonema is part of the Araceae family, genus Aglaonema.
It is a marshy plant, perennial herbaceous, slow-growing, with a rhizome from which numerous jets start.
The very small stem has green leaves attached to thin petioles. It is native to Southeast Asia and is very popular and widespread in both the ease of cultivation and the beauty of the foliage.
Tips for the cultivation and care
Growing Aglaonema Pictum Tricolor is not difficult.
The ideal temperature is 16 ° C during the night and 18 ° C during the day. In any case, temperatures must not drop below 15 ° C.
They live well even in the penumbra even if the ideal would be abundant light (not direct sun) especially for species with variegated leaves.
It is important to guarantee the plant a good air exchange avoiding currents.
the Aglaonema requires frequent watering, particularly during spring and summer. The soil should be moist and not soaked. between one watering and the other, it is necessary to wait for the soil to dry.
You can place a saucer with gravel in the bottom and water to ensure the correct humidity around the plant.
During spring and summer, the plant should be fertilized twice a month with a liquid fertilizer diluted in the watering water.
the Aglaonema have a slow growth so it is sufficient to repot every 2-3 years, at the beginning of spring when the temperatures have reached 18-21 ° C.
A mixture of peat and leaf soil is used.
When the leaves wither it is necessary to remove them by cutting them with disinfected scissors.
Aglaonema produces spadix-like inflorescences that resemble those of the Calla (remember that both belong to the same family).
Apparently, the bracts are mistaken for the flower which, in reality, is enveloped by the bract
The flower is located in the center of the spatula.
Flowering occurs in summer
It can be multiplied by cutting, by seed, or by plant division.
With the multiplication by seed, there is no certainty of obtaining specimens equal to the mother plant, which is instead certain with the multiplication by cutting.
Multiplication by cuttings
to obtain new plants will be the division of the tufts, making sure that each piece of rhizome has at least 2-3 buds.
The shoots that develop at the base of the plant must be taken with some leaves and a few roots and planted in soil (the one indicated for adult plants) and must be kept at a temperature of about 18-20 ° C.
When the new shoots appear then it means that the seedling has rooted and it is time to treat it as an adult plant.
Aglaonema Pictum Tricolor
Multiplication by seed
The multiplication by seeds takes place in March. The seeds must be distributed on soil for seeds in parallel rows with the help of a small piece of wood for burying. The tray must be covered with a glass and with a plastic plate from which the condensation must be removed from time to time.
When the seeds have germinated, the glass or plastic sheet is removed, and with the growth of the seedlings the amount of light must be increased and the temperature reduced to 18 ° C.
Parasites and diseases
Aglaonema Pictum Tricolor is not a plant particularly prone to diseases, its problems are mostly related to not respecting the right cultivation technique.
Disheartening leaves: we have certainly adjusted badly with the waterings (too few or too abundant)
Leaves are weak: it means that the exposure temperature is too low and therefore the plant must be moved to a warmer place.
Leaves appear burnt and curl: the piata has been exposed to direct sun.
The plant can suffer the attack of plant mites which manifests themselves with leaves that begin to yellow, appear speckled with yellow and brown.
It is necessary to make the environment hostile to mites by increasing the humidity around the plant with nebulizations to the leaves and possibly use a specific insecticide.
Beware that this plantcontains substances that can irritate the skin and other mucous membranes. Better to handle it with gloves.
The name of the genus comes from two Greek words: aglao “splendor” and nema “thread” which indicate the brightness of the stem filaments.